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The mediterranean diet, hepatic steatosis and nonalcoholic fatty liver disease

Velasco, Nicolás; Contreras, Alvaro; Grassi, Bruno

Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care: September 2014 - Volume 17 - Issue 5 - p 453–457
doi: 10.1097/MCO.0000000000000071
NUTRITION AND THE GASTROINTESTINAL TRACT: Edited by M. Isabel T.D. Correia and Alastair Forbes

Purpose of review: The purpose of this review is to present the pathophysiological mechanisms and most recent clinical evidence regarding the role of the Mediterranean diet in preventing and treating nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD).

Recent findings: Several components of the Mediterranean diet have proven benefits in controlling the pathophysiological mechanisms involved in NAFLD. However, the few clinical studies that have assessed the diet have involved low numbers of patients and lacked methodological rigor. The results of these studies suggest that the Mediterranean diet attenuates the progression of NAFLD once it is established, but does not contribute to preventing the disease in patients at risk.

Summary: Although there is a lack of clinical evidence derived from studies with high-quality methodology, the pathophysiological mechanisms of NAFLD shared with other associated pathologies suggest that there is a role for the Mediterranean diet in managing NAFLD. Studies with better methodology are needed to confirm the impact of the diet.

Department of Nutrition, Diabetes and Metabolism, School of Medicine; Pontificia Universidad Católica de Chile, Santiago, Chile

Correspondence to Nicolás Velasco, MD, Alameda 340, Santiago 8330023, Chile. Tel: +56 2 23543862; e-mail: nvelasco@med.puc.cl

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins