Skip Navigation LinksHome > July 2013 - Volume 16 - Issue 4 > Fatty acids regulation of inflammatory and metabolic genes
Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care:
doi: 10.1097/MCO.0b013e32836236df
GENES AND CELL METABOLISM: Edited by Lynette R. Ferguson and Philip Newsholme

Fatty acids regulation of inflammatory and metabolic genes

Masi, Laureane N.a; Rodrigues, Alice C.b; Curi, Ruia

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Abstract

Purpose of review: Fatty acids influence human health and diseases in various ways. In recent years, much work has been carried out to elucidate the mechanisms by which dietary fatty acids control short-term and long-term cellular functions. We have reviewed herein the most recent studies on modulation of gene expression by fatty acids. A number of genes respond to transcription factors and present a transcription factor response element in their promoter regions. Fatty acids may exert their effects on metabolism by regulating gene transcription via transcription factors. Understanding how fatty acids control expression of metabolic genes is a promising strategy to be investigated by aiming to treat metabolic diseases such as insulin resistance, obesity, and type 2 diabetes mellitus.

Recent findings: Fatty acids exert many of their biological effects through the modulation of the activity of transcription factors, such as sterol regulatory element-binding proteins, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptors, and liver X receptors.

Summary: Fatty acid action through transcription factors controls the expression of several inflammatory and metabolic genes.

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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