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Practical aspects of peripheral parenteral nutrition

Culebras, Jesus Ma; Martin-Peña, Gonzalob; Garcia-de-Lorenzo, Abelardoc; Zarazaga, Antonioc; Rodriguez-Montes, Jose Antonioc

Current Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care: May 2004 - Volume 7 - Issue 3 - pp 303-307
Pharmaceutical aspects, devices and techniques

Purpose of review: The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the advantages and disadvantages of using peripheral parenteral nutrition, including the techniques, indications and results.

Recent findings: The new catheters, together with a better knowledge of intermediate metabolism, permit the use of peripheral parenteral nutrition in many clinical situations during short periods of time.

Summary: Peripheral parenteral nutrition is an alternative to total parenteral nutrition, and is a complement to enteral nutrition and the oral route. Progress in catheter design and materials, infusion techniques and an improved knowledge of the optimal nutriments has made peripheral parenteral nutrition a safe, efficient and useful method to treat patients over certain periods of time.

aHospital de Leon, PO Box 1351, 24080 Leon, Spain; bUniversidad San Pablo CEU, Madrid, Spain; and cAutonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain

Correspondence to Jesus M. Culebras, Hospital de Leon, PO Box 1351, 24080 Leon, Spain Tel: +34 987264497; fax: +34 987264336; e-mail: jmculebras@telefonica.net

Abbreviation TPN: total parenteral nutrition

© 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.