Practical aspects of peripheral parenteral nutritionCulebras, Jesus Ma; Martin-Peña, Gonzalob; Garcia-de-Lorenzo, Abelardoc; Zarazaga, Antonioc; Rodriguez-Montes, Jose AntoniocCurrent Opinion in Clinical Nutrition & Metabolic Care: May 2004 - Volume 7 - Issue 3 - pp 303-307 Pharmaceutical aspects, devices and techniques Abstract Author Information Abstract Purpose of review: The purpose of this review is to provide an update on the advantages and disadvantages of using peripheral parenteral nutrition, including the techniques, indications and results. Recent findings: The new catheters, together with a better knowledge of intermediate metabolism, permit the use of peripheral parenteral nutrition in many clinical situations during short periods of time. Summary: Peripheral parenteral nutrition is an alternative to total parenteral nutrition, and is a complement to enteral nutrition and the oral route. Progress in catheter design and materials, infusion techniques and an improved knowledge of the optimal nutriments has made peripheral parenteral nutrition a safe, efficient and useful method to treat patients over certain periods of time. Author Information aHospital de Leon, PO Box 1351, 24080 Leon, Spain; bUniversidad San Pablo CEU, Madrid, Spain; and cAutonomous University of Madrid, Madrid, Spain Correspondence to Jesus M. Culebras, Hospital de Leon, PO Box 1351, 24080 Leon, Spain Tel: +34 987264497; fax: +34 987264336; e-mail: email@example.com Abbreviation TPN: total parenteral nutrition © 2004 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.