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Current Opinion in Anaesthesiology:
doi: 10.1097/ACO.0000000000000117
REGIONAL ANESTHESIA: Edited by Jacques E. Chelly

Robotics and regional anesthesia

Wehbe, Mohamada; Giacalone, Marilub; Hemmerling, Thomas M.c

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Abstract

Purpose of review

Robots in regional anesthesia are used as a tool to automate the performance of regional techniques reducing the anesthesiologist's workload and improving patient care. The purpose of this review is to show the latest findings in robotic regional anesthesia.

Recent findings

The literature separates robots in anesthesia into two groups: pharmacological robots and manual robots. Pharmacological robots are mainly closed-loop systems that help in the titration of anesthetic drugs to patients undergoing surgery. Manual robots are mechanical robots that are used to support or replace the manual gestures performed by anesthesiologists. Although in the last decade researchers have focused on the development of decision support systems and closed-loop systems, more recent evidence supports the concept that robots can also be useful in performing regional anesthesia techniques.

Summary

Robots can improve the performance and safety in regional anesthesia. In this review, we present the developments made in robotic and automated regional anesthesia, and discuss the current state of research in this field.

© 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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