Purpose of review: Recently, many researchers have been studying stress and burnout in anaesthesia. Some researchers have examined the effects of stress in the workplace. Others have identified some job characteristics that have an impact on anaesthetist's well-being. Yet, few studies use the same measure of stress and/or define the concept of stress in the same way, making comparison and aggregation of results difficult, and therefore minimizing the general impact of these research findings.
Recent findings: The following review focuses on the increasing recent research on stress and burnout in anaesthesia regarding the existing stress models and shows where the progress has been made, and where difference of opinion and divergence of approach remain.
Summary: From the referred studies, the review challenges the more practical problems of prevention of stress and burnout and provides some avenues for future investigations.