Hypothermia may be encountered during the management of severely injured patients, and with exception of deliberate hypothermia for neuroprotection, has been associated with increased morbidity and mortality. This review examines the recent literature with regard to risk factors for developing hypothermia, significance of hypothermia, therapeutic use of hypothermia, and invasive and noninvasive methods to prevent and treat hypothermia.
Department of Anesthesia, MetroHealth Medical Center, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio, USA
Correspondence to Charles E. Smith, MD, FRCPC, Department of Anesthesia, MetroHealth Medical Center, 2500 MetroHealth Drive, Cleveland, OH44109, USA. Fax: +1 216-778-5378; e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
AbbreviationsCAVR: continuous arteriovenous rewarmingCPB: cardiopulmonary bypassCPR: cardiopulmonary resuscitationGCS: Glasgow Coma Scale