Skip Navigation LinksHome > August 2013 - Volume 13 - Issue 4 > Environmental control for asthma: recent evidence
Current Opinion in Allergy & Clinical Immunology:
doi: 10.1097/ACI.0b013e328362b776
PHARMACOTHERAPY AND EVIDENCE BASED MEDICINE: Edited by David Khan and Enrico Compalati

Environmental control for asthma: recent evidence

Matsui, Elizabeth C.

Collapse Box

Abstract

Purpose of review

To review and interpret recent literature related to the role of environmental control in prevention and treatment of asthma.

Recent findings

Environmental control has a clearly established role in the management of asthma, but its role as a primary prevention tool is not supported by recent clinical trials. Although some of the interventions tested in these trials reduced the risk of asthma, the interventions often included dietary modification and those trials intervening only on environmental exposures were largely negative. Environmental interventions that target multiple asthma triggers, such as a laminar airflow device and relocation to high altitude, continue to demonstrate efficacy in asthma. Several studies highlight the efficacy of portable HEPA purifiers in reduction of indoor particulate matter and improving asthma outcomes. Several recently published practice parameters provide evidence-based recommendations for environmental control practices targeting furry pet, rodent, and cockroach allergens. Emerging work highlights the potential impact of spatial-temporal aspects of exposure and the shape of the dose–response relationships on the indoor allergen exposure-asthma relationship.

Summary

Environmental interventions likely have no effect on the risk of developing atopic disease, but multifaceted interventions are generally of benefit in the management of asthma, particularly in children.

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Login

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.