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Current Opinion in Allergy & Clinical Immunology:
doi: 10.1097/ACI.0b013e328360949d
FOOD ALLERGY: Edited by Alessandro Fiocchi and Julie Wang

Growth and nutritional concerns in children with food allergy

Mehta, Harshna; Groetch, Marion; Wang, Julie

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Abstract

Purpose of review

To describe the potential effect that avoidance diets for food allergy may have on nutrition and growth in children.

Recent findings

We report here the findings from the previous studies suggesting impairment of growth and nutritional deficiencies because of elimination diets for food allergy. Feeding difficulties have also been reported, particularly in children with eosinophilic esophagitis that may further impact the nutrient intake.

Summary

Food allergies are becoming more prevalent and better recognized. Treatment options typically include strict dietary elimination of major food allergens such as milk, eggs, wheat, soy, peanut, tree nuts, fish and shellfish. Monitoring growth and guiding food allergic patients in choosing appropriate alternatives to supply necessary nutrients becomes crucial to avoid deficiencies and retardation in growth.

© 2013 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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