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Nurses' Knowledge of Advance Directives, Patient Self-determination Act, and Illinois Advance Directive Law

WALERIUS, THERESA BSN, RN; HILL, PAMELA D. PhD, RN, FAAN; ANDERSON, MARY ANN PhD, RN

doi: 10.1097/NUR.0b013e3181be3273
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The purpose of this cross-sectional survey was to describe the level of knowledge and education nurses receive on advance directives (ADs), the Patient Self-determination Act, and Illinois state law. A modified version of the Knowledge-Attitudinal-Experiential Survey on Advance Directives was used with a convenience sample of 110 nurses from general medical-surgical, rehabilitation, oncology, intensive care unit, and recovery units in a medical center in Illinois. Results suggested that respondents were somewhat knowledgeable about general AD items, but less knowledgeable about the Patient Self-determination Act and Illinois state law. Clearly, nurses need further education regarding rules and regulations concerning Illinois law on ADs.

Author Affiliations: University of Illinois, College of Nursing, Quad Cities Regional Program, Moline, Illinois.

Corresponding author: Pamela D. Hill, PhD, RN, FAAN, University of Illinois, College of Nursing, Quad Cities Regional Program, 1515 5th Avenue, Moline, IL 61265 (phill@uic.edu).

© 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.