A Review of Bronchiectasis.Swigris, Jeffrey J. D.O.; Stoller, James K. M.D.Clinical Pulmonary Medicine: September 2000 Obstructive Airways Disease: PDF Only Abstract Abstract : Patients with bronchiectasis often experience daily copious sputum production, paroxysms of chest discomfort and breathlessness, episodic bronchopulmonary infection, and hemoptysis. The diagnosis is made on the basis of historical and radiographic information; a CT scan of the chest displays characteristic findings of thickened and dilated airways, sometimes with cystic, fluid-containing sacs. Causes of bronchiectasis include infection, structural lung abnormalities, and cystic fibrosis, which accounts for approximately one half of recognized cases. Treatment involves targeting the underlying disorder when possible, administering antibiotics for infectious exacerbations, and occasionally resecting an isolated segment or performing bilateral lung transplantation. Clin Pulm Med 2000;7(5):223-230 (C) 2000 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.