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Clinical Journal of Pain:
doi: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000066
Original Articles

Motor Imagery in People With a History of Back Pain, Current Back Pain, Both, or Neither

Bowering, K. Jane BPhysio (Hons)*; Butler, David S. EdD; Fulton, Ian J. MPhty*; Moseley, G. Lorimer PhD*

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Abstract

Introduction:

There is mounting evidence that cortical maps are disrupted in chronic limb pain and that these disruptions may contribute to the problem and be a viable target for treatment. Little is known as to whether this is also the case for the most common and costly chronic pain—back pain.

Objectives:

To investigate the effects of back pain characteristics on the performance of left/right trunk judgment tasks, a method of testing the integrity of cortical maps.

Methods:

A total of 1008 volunteers completed an online left/right trunk judgment task in which they judged whether a model was rotated or laterally flexed to the left or right in a series of images.

Results:

Participants who had back pain at the time of testing were less accurate than pain-free controls (P=0.027), as were participants who were pain free but had a history of back pain (P<0.01). However, these results were driven by an interaction such that those with current back pain and a history of back pain were less accurate (mean [95% CI]=76% [74%-78%]) than all other groups (>84% [83%-85%]).

Discussion:

Trunk motor imagery performance is reduced in people with a history of back pain when they are in a current episode. This is consistent with disruption of cortical proprioceptive representation of the trunk in this group. On the basis of this result, we propose a conceptual model speculating a role of this measure in understanding the development of chronic back pain, a model that can be tested in future studies.

Copyright © 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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