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Contribution of Endocannabinoid Gene Expression and Genotype on Low Back Pain Susceptibility and Chronicity

Ramesh Divya PhD; D’Agata, Amy PhD, RN; Starkweather, Angela PhD, RN, ACNP-BC, CNRN, FAAN; Young, Erin PhD
The Clinical Journal of Pain: Post Acceptance: May 05, 2017
doi: 10.1097/AJP.0000000000000508
Original Article: PDF Only

A major research emphasis has been focused on defining the molecular changes that occur from acute to chronic pain in order to identify potential therapeutic targets for chronic pain. As the endocannabinoid system is dynamically involved in pain signaling, a plausible mechanism that may contribute to chronic pain vulnerability involves alterations in the amount of circulating endocannabinoids. Therefore, this study sought to examine cannabinoid type-1 (CNR1), type-2 (CNR2) receptors, fatty acid amide hydrolase (FAAH) and the vanilloid receptor (TRPV1) gene expression profiles among individuals with acute and chronic LBP at their baseline visit. We also assessed associations among selected SNPs of FAAH and CNR2 and measures of somatosensory function and self-report pain measures. Using a previously established quantitative sensory testing protocol, we comprehensively assessed somatosensory parameters among 42 acute LBP, 42 cLBP and 20 healthy participants. Samples of whole blood were drawn to examine mRNA expression and isolate genomic DNA for genotyping. CNR2 mRNA was significantly upregulated in all LBP patients compared to controls. However, FAAH mRNA and TRPV1 mRNA were significantly upregulated in cLBP compared with healthy controls. A significant association was observed between FAAH SNP genotype and self-report pain measures, mechanical and cold pain sensitivity among LBP subjects. CLBP participants showed increased FAAH and TRPV1 mRNA expression compared to acute LBP participants and healthy controls. Further research to characterize pain-associated somatosensory changes in the context of altered mRNA expression levels and SNP associations may provide insight on the molecular underpinnings of maladaptive chronic pain.

Acknowledgments: The authors would like to thank the assistance of Leena Kader, Sharmeen Jaffry, Irina Milhuyak and Nicole Glidden.

Conflicts of Interest and Source of Funding: This research was funded by the National Institute of Nursing Research (Starkweather, PI; R01 NR013932). The content of this publication is solely the responsibility of the authors and does not necessarily represent the official views of the National Institute of Nursing Research (NINR) or the National Institutes of Health (NIH). For the remaining authors none were declared.

Reprints: Divya Ramesh, PhD, University of Connecticut School of Nursing, 231 Glenbrook Rd, Storrs, CT-06269-4026 (e-mail: Divya.ramesh@uconn.edu).

Received January 23, 2017

Accepted April 23, 2017

Copyright © 2017 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.