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Clinical Journal of Pain:
doi: 10.1097/AJP.0b013e3182a0dd06
Original Articles

Prognostic Factors for Work Ability in Women With Chronic Low Back Pain Consulting Primary Health Care: A 2-Year Prospective Longitudinal Cohort Study

Nordeman, Lena PhD, RPT*,†,‡; Gunnarsson, Ronny PhD, MD†,‡,§; Mannerkorpi, Kaisa PhD, RPT

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Abstract

Objectives: To investigate prognostic factors for future work ability in women with chronic low back pain (CLBP) consulting primary health care.

Methods: A 2-year prospective longitudinal cohort study of female patients with CLBP within the primary health care was conducted. Patients were assessed at the first assessment and after 2 years. Prognostic factors for work ability (yes/no) were analyzed by multivariate regression.

Results: A total of 130 patients were included at first assessment. After 2 years, 123 patients (95%) were followed up. The 6-minute walk test, depression, and earlier work ability predicted work ability at the 2-year follow-up. A nomogram was constructed to assess the probability of future work ability.

Discussion: The 6-minute walk test, work ability, and depression predicted work ability for women with CLBP after 2 years.

© 2014 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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