The health and nutritional status of women of reproductive age has tremendous impact on the health of future populations; therefore, special attention should be paid to promoting women’s health, especially a healthy weight at this critical time period. The purpose of the paper is to provide information on the nutritional needs of women at various stages of the reproductive age spectrum, including preconception/interconception and during pregnancy to achieve and maintain a healthy weight. The Socio-Ecological Model (SEM) is presented to help practitioners understand the importance of intervening where women of reproductive age live, work, and frequent.
*School of Medicine, Center for Community Health
†School of Medicine, Division of Academic General Pediatrics, Developmental Pediatrics, and Community Health, University of California, San Diego, California
The authors declare that they have nothing to disclose.
Correspondence: Michelle Zive, MS, RD, Center for Community Health, School of Medicine, University of California, San Diego, 9500 Gilman Drive, MC 0927 La Jolla, CA 92093-0927. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org