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Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology:
doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e3182a9d15a
Osteoporosis: Diagnosis and Management

Osteoporosis Prevention and Management: Nonpharmacologic and Lifestyle options

CHRISTIANSON, MINDY S. MD*; SHEN, WEN MD, MPH

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Abstract

The purpose of this review is to evaluate current evidence regarding the use of dietary and exercise interventions to prevent fractures in postmenopausal women with osteoporosis. The key lifestyle modifications that can decrease risk of fracture in postmenopausal women include regular weight-bearing exercise and a balanced diet with adequate calcium and vitamin D intake. Other modifiable lifestyle factors critical to bone health and to decrease fracture risk include the avoidance of smoking, an excessively low body weight, excessive alcohol intake, and fall risks at home. Emerging modifiable factors may include B-vitamin, omega-3 fatty acid, soy isoflavone, and dehydroepiandrosterone supplementation.

© 2013, Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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