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Myasthenia Gravis and Pregnancy

VARNER, MICHAEL MD

Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology: June 2013 - Volume 56 - Issue 2 - p 372–381
doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e31828e92c0
Neurologic Diseases in Pregnancy: An Overview

Myasthenia gravis is an autoimmune disease of the neuromuscular junction characterized by painless fluctuating skeletal muscle weakness. Disease exacerbations are more likely to occur in the first trimester or puerperium. A number of medications commonly used in obstetric practice can exacerbate the disease. The effect of pregnancy on myasthenia varies substantially from woman to woman and also from pregnancy to pregnancy in the same woman. Mainstay treatments involve acetylcholine esterase inhibitors, corticosteroids and other immunosuppressants, and adequate rest. Newborns may suffer in utero or neonatal consequences, usually transient, of transplacental antibody exposure.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, Utah

The author declares that there is nothing to disclose.

Correspondence: Michael Varner, MD, University of Utah Health Sciences Center, Salt Lake City, UT. E-mail: michael.varner@hsc.utah.edu

© 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.