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Opportunistic Infections in Women With HIV AIDS

LAZENBY, GWENETH B. MD, MSCR

Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology: December 2012 - Volume 55 - Issue 4 - p 927–937
doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e3182718e0d
Severe Infections in Gynecology

Women account for half of the global human immunodeficiency virus (HIV)/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) infections. Heterosexual contact is the leading risk factor in women. Over 50% of patients are significantly immunosuppressed at the time of diagnosis. Women with advanced HIV infection are at a risk for opportunistic infections (OIs). OIs lead to significant morbidity and cost. Some of OIs may impact women more significantly than men, that is, human papillomavirus infection and cervical cancer. OIs during pregnancy can increase the risk of maternal-to-child transmission of HIV and some OIs, such as Hepatitis C. This chapter will review of OIs that are most important in women’s health.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Charleston, South Carolina

The author declares that she has nothing to disclose.

Correspondence: Gweneth B. Lazenby, MD, MSCR, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Medical University of South Carolina, Suite 634, Charleston, SC. E-mail: lazenbgb@musc.edu

© 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.