Osteoporosis is frequently called the silent disease because it lacks symptoms or signs until a fracture has occurred. Osteoporosis is common in aging women because of progressive postmenopausal bone loss. Fractures related to bone loss can result in reduced quality of life, lengthy hospital stays, long-term institutionalization, and death. Early diagnosis and treatment of low bone mass to reduce fracture risk is a cost-effective element of routine health care for women. With appropriate patient screening, ObGyn care providers can implement effective interventions before fractures occur, thereby improving patients’ quality of life and reducing society’s osteoporosis-related costs.