Depression During Pregnancy and PostpartumTOOHEY, JULIANNE MDClinical Obstetrics & Gynecology: September 2012 - Volume 55 - Issue 3 - p 788–797 doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e318253b2b4 Ambulatory Obstetric Care Abstract Author Information Postpartum depression is the most common complication of pregnancy, affecting 10% to 15% of women. This condition continues to be underdiagnosed and undertreated despite increased awareness. Several risk factors have been identified including anxiety or depression during pregnancy, a history of depression, as well as increased life stressors. Treatment for depression has been found to be effective and generally safe during pregnancy and while breastfeeding. The risks and benefits of treatment must be carefully evaluated and balanced with the risk of no treatment. Careful screening may assist physicians for more timely diagnosis and intervention. Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of California, Irvine The author declares that there is nothing to disclose. Correspondence: Julianne Toohey, MD, University of California, Irvine, Orange, CA. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org © 2012 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.