Over the past 10 years, multiple studies have shown that minimally invasive surgical approaches for the treatment of endometrial cancer reduce blood loss, length of hospital stay, and the incidence and severity of surgical complications compared with laparotomy. In addition, minimally invasive approaches result in better cosmesis and short-term patient quality of life. Although data from prospective studies have yet to mature, laparoscopic and open surgeries seem to be equivalent oncologically. In this article, we will review the current literature on traditional laparoscopy, robotically assisted laparoscopy, and single-port laparoscopy as surgical approaches for the treatment of endometrial cancer.
*Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, Houston, Texas
†Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, The Cleveland Clinic, Cleveland, Ohio
This research is supported in part by the National Institutes of Health through MD Anderson's Cancer Center Support Grant, CA016672.
Correspondence: Michael Frumovitz, MD, MPH, Department of Gynecologic Oncology and Reproductive Medicine, CPB6.3244, Unit 1362, The University of Texas MD Anderson Cancer Center, 1155 Herman Pressler, Houston, TX. e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org