Laparoscopy in Pregnancy: A Literature ReviewCHOHAN, LUBNA MD; KILPATRICK, CHARLIE C. MDClinical Obstetrics & Gynecology: December 2009 - Volume 52 - Issue 4 - pp 557-569 doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e3181bea92e Surgical Intervention in Pregnancy Abstract Author Information Abstract The first laparoscopic surgery in pregnancy was a cholecystectomy in 1991. Since that time, a number of articles and case series have been published addressing laparoscopy in pregnancy. Current recommendations are on the basis of these findings, such as operating during any trimester in pregnancy can be safely performed, fetal heart monitoring should be made preoperatively and postoperatively, prophylactic tocolytics should not be used, and multiple entry techniques (Veress needle, Hasson trocar, or optical trocar) can be safely performed. This article will review anesthesia, fetal effects, obesity, complications, adnexal masses, and gastrointestinal issues. Author Information Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, The University of Texas Medical School, Houston, Texas Correspondence: Lubna Chohan, MD, Department of Obstetrics, Gynecology, and Reproductive Sciences, The University of Texas Medical School, Houston, TX. Email: Lubna.Chohan@uth.tmc.edu © 2009 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.