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Prevention, Diagnosis, and Treatment of Cerebral Palsy in Near-term and Term Infants

SHANKARAN, SEETHA MD

Clinical Obstetrics & Gynecology: December 2008 - Volume 51 - Issue 4 - pp 829-839
doi: 10.1097/GRF.0b013e3181870c35
Diagnosis, Prevention, and Treatment of Cerebral Palsy

The incidence, risk factors, and etiology of cerebral palsy (CP) are reviewed based on evidence-based data. Current methods for diagnosing risk for brain injury, including neuroimaging data on CP in this group of infants are presented. Prevention of CP in term and near-term infants currently seems to be promising with neuroprotection with hypothermia for neonatal encephalopathy secondary to presumed acute hypoxic-ischemia at birth. Treatment of CP based on evidenced-based data will be reviewed.

Children's Hospital of Michigan and Hutzel Women's Hospital, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan

Correspondence: Seetha Shankaran, MD, Children's Hospital of Michigan, 3901 Beaubien, 4 H 46, Detroit, MI, 48201. E-mail: sshankar@med.wayne.edu

© 2008 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.