Evidence-based guidelines that have been prepared by many professional organizations aimed at assisting the clinician in the initial evaluation of postmenopausal women who should be considered for bone mineral density evaluation by dual-energy x-ray absorptiometry; history, physical examination, and laboratory testing in those women being considered for pharmacologic intervention; and monitoring and management of women for whom therapy is prescribed are discussed.
*Department of Internal Medicine, St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, Ann Arbor, and, Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Wayne State University School of Medicine, Detroit, Michigan
†Departments of Psychiatry & Behavioral Sciences, Sociology, and Psychology & Neuroscience, Duke University Medical Center, Durham, North Carolina
Correspondence: Michael Kleerekoper, MD, MACE, Department of Internal Medicine, St. Joseph Mercy Hospital, 5333 McAuley Drive, RHB #3009, Ypsilanti, MI 48197. E-mail: email@example.com