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Vaginal Misoprostol Administration for Cervical Ripening and Labor Induction

WING, DEBORAH A. MD; LYONS GAFFANEY, CECILIA A. MD

Clinical Obstetrics and Gynecology: September 2006 - Volume 49 - Issue 3 - p 627-641
Original Articles

Intravaginal misoprostol has been shown to be an effective agent for cervical ripening and induction of labor. Vaginal application of misoprostol has been reported in over 9000 women worldwide and seems to have safety profile similar to that of endocervically and intravaginally administered dinoprostone. Concern arises with the use of higher doses of intravaginal misoprostol (50 mcg or more) and the association with uterine contractile abnormalities and for this reason, use of low-dose misoprostol regimen has been recommended by the American College of Obstetricians and Gynecologists. The recommendation is use of a 25-mcg dose of misoprostol inserted into the posterior vaginal fornix and repeated every 3 to 6 hours as needed. Misoprostol administration to women with prior cesarean births seems to increase the likelihood of uterine scar disruption and should not be used in these women. There are reports of uterine rupture in women with unscarred uteri treated with vaginally applied misoprostol. Therefore, all patients need to be monitored adequately after misoprostol administration. Although there is a growing body of data regarding the ambulatory use of intravaginal misoprostol for cervical ripening, its use for this purpose cannot be recommended outside of investigational protocols at this time because of concerns for maternal and neonatal safety.

Division of Maternal-Fetal Medicine, Department of Obstetrics-Gynecology, University of California, Irvine, School of Medicine, Irvine, California

Correspondence: Deborah A. Wing, MD, 101 The City Drive, Building 56, Suite 800, Orange, CA 92868. E-mail: dwing@uci.edu

Copyright © 2006 Wolters Kluwer Health, Inc. All rights reserved.