To compare the short-term clinical performance of two dual-disinfectant multipurpose disinfecting solutions (MPDS) when used in conjunction with two silicone hydrogel contact lenses.
Participants wore galyfilcon A and balafilcon A lenses, randomly allocated one type to each eye. Multipurpose disinfecting solutions were double-masked and allocated using a randomized crossover design. Lenses were presoaked overnight in the allocated MPDS, containing either polyquaternium-1/alexidine dihydrochloride (PQ-alexidine) or polyquaternium-1/myristamidopropyl dimethylamine (PQ-MAPDA). Lenses were worn daily for 4 days and disinfected with the same MPDS in which they had been soaked. Clinical assessments occurred immediately after insertion, 2 hours after insertion, and after 2 hours of wear on day 4. Subjective ratings were collected at each assessment and after 6 hours of wear on days 1 to 3. Linear mixed models were used for statistical analysis.
Solution-induced corneal staining (SICS) incidence was significantly different between MPDS lens combinations (P=0.01) with PQ-MAPDA-balafilcon A showing the highest incidence (27.8%). The incidence of SICS was significantly higher when balafilcon A lenses were worn compared with galyfilcon A (19.4% vs. 2.8%; P=0.04). There was no significant difference in SICS incidence between MPDS (PQ-alexidine=5.6%, PQ-MAPDA=16.7%; P=0.08). Polyquaternium-1/alexidine dihydrochloride was associated with significantly fewer symptoms of burning/stinging (9.7±0.6 vs. 9.1±2.2; P=0.03) and self-assessed redness (9.8±0.5 vs. 9.2±1.9; P=0.03) on initial lens insertion. There were no significant differences between MPDS for comfort ratings (P>0.05).
These short-term clinical results provide an initial indication that PQ-alexidine is associated with fewer symptoms on insertion but no significant difference in ocular comfort compared with PQ-MAPDA. Longer studies are required to provide further evidence.