July 2017 - Volume 27 - Issue 4

  • Christopher Hughes, MBBS, MSc
  • 1050-642X
  • 1536-3724
  • 6 issues / year
  • Orthopedics 24/76
    Sport Sciences 23/81
    Physiology 44/84
  • 2.189
​​Welcome to all of our readers. July is with us already, and so are we with our fourth issue of CJSM in 2017. 

We at CJSM are big fans of Original Research seeking to answer questions on the efficacy of interventional modalities, and we kick off this issue with two different studies examining the efficacy of sustained heat treatment on delayed-onset muscle soreness (DOMS), and acupressure for pain and anxiety relief in athletes with acute musculoskeletal sports injuries. 

​In the aforementioned study, Petrofsky and colleagues show that symptoms and strength deficits from experimentally-induced DOMS in the lower limbs may be reduced by the immediate application of heat wraps post-exercise for a period of 8 hours.

In the acupressure study, Macznik and colleagues found that three minutes of acupressure was an effective modality for decreasing VAS scores for pain amongst athletes who presented with a wide variety of pain-associated pathologies in different sites including ankle, shoulder, hand and knee. They found that levels of perceived anxiety on a VAS scale were unaffected. 

Perhaps we should all be considering heat wraps to prevent DOMS, and using acupressure for acute injuries amongst our population? 

This issue, we also present two articles relating to arthroscopy. The first study by Murata and colleagues compared clinical outcomes between heterogenous groups of athletes and non-athletes undergoing hip arthroscopy for FAI, the authors concluding that outcomes were generally better amongst athletes. 

The second study by Young and colleagues examined outcomes and return to play timescales amongst a small group of professional women WTA players who had undergone arthroscopic shoulder surgery on their dominant arm, finding that return to play was often prolonged and associated with a decreased level of performance when compared with that prior to surgery. 

Our General Review article this issue by Professor Roy Shephard seeks to examine potential mechanisms for the reduced risk of gastric and esophageal cancers seen amongst physically active individuals​. Shephard Whilst the risk reduction of these forms of neoplasia amongst individuals undertaking moderate-to-vigorous physical activity on a regular basis is well documented, it is still unclear how this occurs and whether or not there is a truly causal relationship. 

We also bring you four interesting and varied Case Reports published online. 

For the latest information and research published ahead-of-print, don't forget to keep in touch with the CJSM Blog and our Twitter feed at @CJSMonline

Enjoy the issue!

Best wishes,


Christopher Hughes MBBS MSc



Does Acupressure Hit the Mark? A Three-Arm Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Acupressure for Pain and Anxiety Relief in Athletes With Acute Musculoskeletal Sports Injuries

Macznik, Aleksandra K.; Schneiders, Anthony G.; Athens, Josie; More

Clinical Journal of Sport Medicine . 27(4):338-343, July 2017.

Does acupressure hit the mark? A Three-Arm Randomized Placebo-Controlled Trial of Acupressure for Pain and Anxiety Relief in Athletes With Acute Musculoskeletal Sports Injuries