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Critical Care Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/CCM.0000000000000412
Feature Articles

The Association of Spiritual Care Providers’ Activities With Family Members’ Satisfaction With Care After a Death in the ICU*

Johnson, Jeffrey R. MD, MA1; Engelberg, Ruth A. PhD1; Nielsen, Elizabeth L. MPH1; Kross, Erin K. MD1; Smith, Nicholas L. PhD2,3,4; Hanada, Julie C. MA5; Doll O’Mahoney, Sean K. MDiv, BCC5; Curtis, J. Randall MD, MPH1

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Abstract

Objectives: Spiritual distress is common in the ICU, and spiritual care providers are often called upon to provide care for patients and their families. Our goal was to evaluate the activities spiritual care providers’ conduct to support patients and families and whether those activities are associated with family satisfaction with ICU care.

Design: Prospective cohort study.

Setting: Three hundred fifty-bed tertiary care teaching hospital with 65 ICU beds.

Subjects: Spiritual care providers and family members of patients who died in the ICU or within 30 hours of transfer from the ICU.

Interventions: None.

Measurements and Main Results: Spiritual care providers completed surveys reporting their activities. Family members completed validated measures of satisfaction with care and satisfaction with spiritual care. Clustered regression was used to assess the association between activities completed by spiritual care providers and family ratings of care. Of 494 eligible patients, 275 family members completed surveys (response rate, 56%). Fifty-seven spiritual care providers received surveys relating to 268 patients, completing 285 surveys for 244 patients (response rate, 91%). Spiritual care providers commonly reported activities related to supporting religious and spiritual needs (≥ 90%) and providing support for family feelings (90%). Discussions about the patient’s wishes for end-of-life care and a greater number of spiritual care activities performed were both associated with increased overall family satisfaction with ICU care (p < 0.05). Discussions about a patient’s end-of-life wishes, preparation for a family conference, and total number of activities performed were associated with improved family satisfaction with decision-making in the ICU (p < 0.05).

Conclusions: Spiritual care providers engage in a variety of activities with families of ICU patients; several are associated with increased family satisfaction with ICU care in general and decision-making in the ICU specifically. These findings provide insight into spiritual care provider activities and provide guidance for interventions to improve spiritual care delivered to families of critically ill patients.

© 2014 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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