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Continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation training promotes rescuer self-confidence and increased secondary training: A hospital-based randomized controlled trial*

Blewer, Audrey L. MPH; Leary, Marion BSN, RN; Esposito, Emily C. BA; Gonzalez, Mariana BA; Riegel, Barbara DNSc, RN; Bobrow, Bentley J. MD; Abella, Benjamin S. MD, MPhil

Critical Care Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e318236f2ca
Clinical Investigations
Abstract

Objective: Recent work suggests that delivery of continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation is an acceptable layperson resuscitation strategy, although little is known about layperson preferences for training in continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation. We hypothesized that continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation education would lead to greater trainee confidence and would encourage wider dissemination of cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills compared to standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation training (30 compressions: two breaths).

Design: Prospective, multicenter randomized study.

Setting: Three academic medical center inpatient wards.

Subjects: Adult family members or friends (≥18 yrs old) of inpatients admitted with cardiac-related diagnoses.

Interventions: In a multicenter randomized trial, family members of hospitalized patients were trained via the educational method of video self-instruction. Subjects were randomized to continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation or standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation educational modes.

Measurements: Cardiopulmonary resuscitation performance data were collected using a cardiopulmonary resuscitation skill-reporting manikin. Trainee perspectives and secondary training rates were assessed through mixed qualitative and quantitative survey instruments.

Main Results: Chest compression performance was similar in both groups. The trainees in the continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation group were significantly more likely to express a desire to share their training kit with others (152 of 207 [73%] vs. 133 of 199 [67%], p = .03). Subjects were contacted 1 month after initial enrollment to assess actual sharing, or “secondary training.” Kits were shared with 2.0 ± 3.4 additional family members in the continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation group vs. 1.2 ± 2.2 in the standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation group (p = .03). As a secondary result, trainees in the continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation group were more likely to rate themselves “very comfortable” with the idea of using cardiopulmonary resuscitation skills in actual events than the standard cardiopulmonary resuscitation trainees (71 of 207 [34%] vs. 57 of 199 [28%], p = .08).

Conclusions: Continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation education resulted in a statistically significant increase in secondary training. This work suggests that implementation of video self-instruction training programs using continuous chest compression cardiopulmonary resuscitation may confer broader dissemination of life-saving skills and may promote rescuer comfort with newly acquired cardiopulmonary resuscitation knowledge.

Clinical Trial Registration: URL: http://clinicaltrials.gov. Unique identifier: NCT01260441.

Author Information

From the Department of Emergency Medicine and Center for Resuscitation Science (ALB, ML, ECE, MG, BSA), School of Nursing and Biobehavioral Research Center (BR), University of Pennsylvania, Philadelphia, PA; and the Department of Emergency Medicine (BJB), Maricopa Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ.

* See also p. 992.

Supported, in part, by a Clinical Research Program grant from the American Heart Association (0980018N).

Dr. Abella has received research funding and honoraria from Philips Healthcare and in-kind research support from Laerdal Medical Corporation. Drs. Abella and Bobrow have received funding from the Medtronic Foundation to develop statewide cardiac resuscitation systems of care. Dr. Bobrow has also received funding from the American Heart Association to study ultrabrief cardiopulmonary resuscitation video training. The remaining authors have not disclosed any potential conflicts of interest.

For information regarding this article, E-mail: benjamin.abella@uphs.upenn.edu

© 2012 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins