Skip Navigation LinksHome > August 2010 - Volume 38 - Issue 8 > Therapeutic strategies for severe acute lung injury
Critical Care Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/CCM.0b013e3181e795ee
Continuing Medical Education Articles

Therapeutic strategies for severe acute lung injury

Diaz, Janet V. MD; Brower, Roy MD; Calfee, Carolyn S. MD, MAS; Matthay, Michael A. MD

Continued Medical Education
Collapse Box

Abstract

Objective: In the management of patients with severe acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome, clinicians are sometimes challenged to maintain acceptable gas exchange while avoiding harmful mechanical ventilation practices. In some of these patients, physicians may consider the use of “rescue therapies” to sustain life. Our goal is to provide a practical, evidence-based review to assist critical care physicians' care for patients with severe acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome.

Data Sources: We searched the PubMed database for clinical trials that examined the use of the following therapies in severe acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome: recruitment maneuvers, high positive end-expiratory pressure, prone position, high-frequency oscillatory ventilation, glucocorticoids, inhaled nitric oxide, buffer therapy, and extracorporeal life support.

Study Selection: All clinical trials that included patients with severe acute lung injury and acute respiratory distress syndrome were included in the review.

Data Synthesis: The primary author reviewed the aforementioned trials in depth and then disputed findings and conclusions with the other authors until consensus was achieved.

Conclusions: This article is designed to provide clinicians with a simple bedside definition for the diagnosis of severe acute respiratory distress syndrome; to describe several therapies that can be used for severe acute respiratory distress syndrome with an emphasis on the potential risks and the indications and benefits; and to offer practical guidelines for implementation of these therapies.

© 2010 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

Article Tools

Share

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.