Critical Care Medicine

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Critical Care Medicine:
doi: 10.1097/01.CCM.0000199990.68341.33
Model and Workforce

The critical care clinical pharmacist: Evolution of an essential team member

Horn, Ed PharmD, BCPS; Jacobi, Judith PharmD, FCCM, BCPS

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Objective: To review the history, training requirements, contributions to patient care outcomes, and workforce issues of critical care pharmacists.

Data Source and Selection: Literature obtained through Medline search with manual cross-referencing.

Data Extraction and Synthesis: Original and selected review articles and guideline documents were reviewed for references to critical care pharmacists and their role on the multiprofessional critical care team.

Conclusions: Critical care pharmacists are recognized as essential members of the critical care team as a result of contributions to medication safety, improved patient outcomes, and reduced drug costs and as a source of drug information and provider of education. A growing number of pharmacists practice in critical care. Additional opportunities exist and can be met if an adequate supply of trained specialists can be developed.

© 2006 by the Society of Critical Care Medicine and Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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