Effects of Berberine on Delayed Afterdepolarizations in Ventricular Muscles In Vitro and In Vivo.Wang, Yong-Xiao; Yao, Xiu Juan; Tan, Yue-HuaJournal of Cardiovascular Pharmacology: May 1994 ARTICLE: PDF Only Abstract Summary: The effects of berberine on delayed afterdepolarizations in ventricular muscles in vitro and in vivo were investigated to help explain the mechanisms for its anti-arrhythmic action. Berberine 3 [mu]mol reduced the amplitude of delayed afterdepolarizations induced by ouabain or posthypoxic reoxygenation and abolished subsequent triggered activity in isolated guinea pig right ventricular papillary muscles. At 30 [mu]mol, it decreased the incidence of delayed afterdepolarizations, associated with a further decrease in the amplitude of delayed afterdepolarizations. In rabbit left ventricular (LV) muscles in vivo, berberine 1 mg/kg intravenously (i.v.) decreased the amplitude of delayed afterdepolarizations evoked by ouabain and calcium gluconate from 9.6 +/- 1.9 to 6.8 +/- 0.8 mV and left stellate ganglion stimulation from 9.4 +/- 2.1 to 6.2 +/- 0.7 mV and blocked ventricular arrhythmias. After a 4-mg/kg i.v. bolus, the drug inhibited and even completely abolished development of delayed afterdepolarizations, yet still reduced maximal velocity of depolarization in isolated and in vivo ventricular muscles. Therefore, one of the important mechanisms for antianrhythmic action of berberine may be suppression of delayed afterdepolarizations, which may be attributable in part to a decrease in Na+ influx. (C) Lippincott-Raven Publishers.