Author on Call

The function of the “Author on Call” blog is to allow our readers and authors to interact with each other in a unique way. A few select authors will be chosen to share on the blog aspects of their papers that were especially meaningful to them personally or points that may not have made it into their published report. Readers will then have the opportunity to provide comments and questions, to which the authors will respond.

At times, as seen in our first entry, we will also post separate entries to the blog on various special topics that we feel would be informational or that we welcome your feedback on.

Tuesday, November 28, 2017

Symptom Management and Psychosocial Needs of Adults With Acute Myeloid Leukemia During Induction Treatment: A Pilot Study

Albrecht, Tara A. PhD, ACNP-BC, RN; Boyiadzis, Michael MD, MHSc; Elswick, R.K. Jr PhD; Starkweather, Angela PhD, ACNP-BC, CNRN, FAAN; Rosenzweig, Margaret PhD, FNP-C, AOCNP, FAAN

 

"As a nurse practicing on the inpatient hematology/oncology unit many years ago, I was regularly inspired by the strength of patients who were undergoing treatment for acute leukemia.  I witnessed these patients travel treatment roads that were rocky both physically and emotionally.  This is the patient population that inspired me to go back to school and pursue a PhD.  As I began my study, I noted that the participants in this study were quite similar to the patients I remember caring for many years before.  This study is novel in that it details the longitudinal journey of individuals undergoing induction treatment for acute myeloid leukemia, showing there is a high degree of symptom burden across the treatment trajectory.  I was concerned that recruitment may be challenging in this study as these patients are typically quite sick.  However, the participants wanted to not only enroll in the study but to continue to provide their data even when they were not feeling great.  Their commitment and desire to provide data even at such a difficult time in their life was quite moving and illustrated how important it was for me to detail their journey.  I am currently using the knowledge gained from this study to develop and test personalized psychosocial interventions that may better support this patient population during their treatment." 

 

-- Dr. Tara Albrecht on her paper "Symptom Management and Psychosocial Needs of Adults With Acute Myeloid Leukemia During Induction Treatment: A Pilot Study," published online in our current issue, CANCER NURSING Volume 40, Issue 6.  The full article may be viewed with a subscription.

 


Tuesday, November 7, 2017

The International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care (ISNCC) remains very active leading a number of exciting initiatives.


ISNCC's 2017-2021 Strategic Plan is now available. In this Strategic Plan ISNCC has further refined its vision and mission and set out four strategic directions that position ISNCC as the center of an international network of cancer nursing leadership.


ISNCC Board of Directors is seeking nominations to the Board of Directors. The following Board portfolio positions will be open for nomination and election:

The terms for these positions on the Board of Directors will begin on July 1, 2018. Please visit www.isncc.org for more information on the Board of Director nominations.


The ISNCC Conference Management Committee is already hard at work planning the program for ICCN 2018, which will be held September 23-26 in Auckland, New Zealand. All of the relevant information for ICCN 2018 can be found here: http://www.isncc.org/page/iccn2018.


ISNCC is currently managing a portfolio of international collaborative nursing capacity building projects. These projects are led by the local nurses in the region in partnership with ISNCC and other partners. These projects are critical to the vision and mission of ISNCC. Here is the list of active projects:

  • Eastern Europe Nurses' Centre Of Excellence For Tobacco Control (Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation)
  • Building Capacity of Portuguese Nurses to be Tobacco Control Champions (Pfizer)
  • Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening in Latin America (American Cancer Society)
  • Sustaining Nursing Leadership to Address Cancer Care Disparities (Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation)

Information on a new international collaborative nurse capacity building project will be available in the coming months.


ISNCC hosts a number of resources on its website that are freely available, such as the educational resources on ISNCC Insight. Similarly, ISNCC produces Position Statements that are free for all to use, endorse, adopt and disseminate as needed. Another important resource on the ISNCC website it the National Organization Guidance Document as it provides guidance for the creation of a national cancer nursing society. This is a particularly important resource for those nurses in countries that do not yet have a national cancer nursing society.


As always, ISNCC encourages submissions to its blog International Cancer Nursing News. The blog is a great platform to share experience and insights of cancer nursing professionals from all over the world. Finally, please make sure you are signed up for the ISNCC newsflash in order to ensure you are up to date on all the latest news from ISNCC.


See you in September in Auckland for ICCN 2018!


Saturday, October 28, 2017

Each manuscript submitted to CANCER NURSING: An International Journal of Cancer Care is immediately and automatically processed by a software program that yields similarity coefficients with previously published works. High similarity coefficients result in a letter from the editor noting this similarity to the authors and an invitation to address the similarity results and to then resubmit the manuscript to the journal. Higher coefficients are anticipated for systematic/literature reviews.  We have had manuscripts with coefficients of concern of up to 100%. Some authors who are publishing multiple papers from the same data set find the request to review and possibly reword their submitted work for language that could be duplicative of or highly similar to their previously published works to be unnecessary or even offensive.


What are your thoughts about the use of this kind of software? What are your recommendations for an efficient use of authors’ time in addressing similarity coefficients?



Saturday, October 7, 2017

The International Society of Nurses in Cancer Care (ISNCC) remains very active leading a number of exciting initiatives.

ISNCC Board of Directors will be soon be announcing that it is seeking nominations to the Board of Directors. This announcement is likely to be released in November with a nomination deadline of late January, so please ensure you are subscribed to the ISNCC mailing list in order to receive this announcement. The following Board portfolio positions will be open for nomination and election:

The 2017 International Conference on Cancer Nursing was recently held in July in Anaheim, California, USA. The theme was "Merging Research and Practice Across the Globe" and the Conference Management Committee assembled a very high quality program. There were many outstanding presentations, such as the keynote address, "What Can Qualitative Research Offer in a World Where Evidence Drives Decision?" from Sally Thorne, RN, PhD, FAAN, FCAHS from the University of British Columbia. It was an intimate meeting – perfect for networking and discussions about different ways to maximize the role of nurses in cancer care.  The post-conference evaluation report can be found at the ISNCC website.

The ISNCC Conference Management Committee is already hard at work planning the program for ICCN 2018, which will be held September 23-26 in Auckland, New Zealand. Please check the ISNCC website, Facebook and Twitter regularly for updates on ICCN 2018, such as abstract submission and registration.

ISNCC is currently managing a portfolio of international collaborative nursing capacity building projects. These projects are led by the local nurses in the region in partnership with ISNCC and other partners. These projects are critical to the vision and mission of ISNCC. Here is the list of active projects:

  • Eastern Europe Nurses' Centre Of Excellence For Tobacco Control (Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation)
  • Building Capacity of Portuguese Nurses to be Tobacco Control Champions (Pfizer)
  • Cervical and Breast Cancer Screening in Latin America (American Cancer Society)
  • Sustaining Nursing Leadership to Address Cancer Care Disparities (Bristol-Myers Squibb Foundation)

Information on a new international collaborative nurse capacity building project will be available in the coming months.

ISNCC hosts a number of resources on its website that are freely available, such as the educational resources on ISNCC Insight. Similarly, ISNCC produces Position Statements that are free for all to use, endorse, adopt and disseminate as needed. Another important resource on the ISNCC website it the National Organization Guidance Document as it provides guidance for the creation of a national cancer nursing society. This is a particularly important resource for those nurses in countries that do not yet have a national cancer nursing society.

As always, ISNCC encourages submissions to its blog International Cancer Nursing News. The blog is a great platform to share experience and insights of cancer nursing professionals from all over the world. Finally, please make sure you are signed up for the ISNCC newsflash in order to ensure you are up to date on all the latest news from ISNCC.

See you in September in Auckland for ICCN 2018!


Monday, September 25, 2017

Can Mentoring and Collaboration Lead to a Charge of Plagiarism?

I have been teaching graduate students at research-intensive universities at the master’s or doctoral level since 1975. When I began as a new assistant professor at the University of Washington, I was fortunate to have role models who taught me the generosity of sharing my work and the importance of remaining accessible to students to help develop their ideas. I have prided myself on an open-door policy. When students want to talk, I am available. When they write something, I respond quickly. I share my work freely and give students articles, books, grants, and manuscripts in progress. In more than 40 years of teaching, there had been no suspicion of my using a student’s work. One of the cardinal rules of working with students I live by is to behave with the highest level of academic integrity, including guarding against plagiarism.

To my horror, approximately 4 years ago, I was accused of, and investigated for, taking a former doctoral student’s work and publishing it as my own. My accuser remained anonymous throughout the ordeal. My initial fear was that my former student might be at risk of potential consequences that would affect her appointment and promotion at another university. If this were the case, I wanted to set matters straight to preserve her career. Two jurors and my dean met with me to lay out the charges against me. They accompanied me to my office to copy the hard drive on my office computer and followed me home to copy my home computer. I received a copy of the work in question: my published work and the introductory chapter of my former doctoral student’s dissertation. The work reflected 750 words of background and demographic characteristics of a well-established population we both had researched at different times, me before her. The work did not reflect any original creative thought. I was instructed not to contact my former student to discuss the case while I was being investigated.

The investigation was conducted by a formal university panel composed of 3 full professors. They interrogated me in person for 90 minutes and gave me an opportunity to respond in writing to the charges. As my shock dissipated after the interrogation, I realized that, if I was found guilty, I could be dismissed from the university and dishonor it, the faculty whom I worked with throughout the years, and the journalism program where I had earned my doctorate. As a result, I took counsel from a former dean. She advised me to consult a lawyer who specialized in plagiarism cases. She assisted me in identifying a lawyer who was knowledgeable about the law and former cases. Upon meeting with him, he instructed me on how to prepare the evolution of my work including a timeline with supporting documents. The work in question had been solicited for a book, and there was a paper trail of correspondence with dates to reflect an accurate timeline and copies of draft materials. His review of my written response and confidence that I would be found innocent of the charges were the only thing that helped me during the long 6 months of waiting for the panel’s decision. Their task was to determine whether there was adequate evidence to support whether the charges should go forward to the next level of review. Finally, I received written notification that the charges had been dismissed. The panel recommended no further action.

I was so relieved, and my first response was to reach out to the student to inform her that this charge had been made and reassure her that someone had noticed the similarity of the work. It was at that point I learned that my accuser was my former student herself. As another shock hit me, I could not wrap my mind around the fact that she had not come to talk to me about her discovery of the overlap of work. This was a bright student, one whom had I encouraged to come to our doctoral program, one whom had I worked with before entering the program to develop her NIH predoctoral application, and one whom I had published several manuscripts with. She was a former student whom I had recommended for a prestigious postdoctoral fellowship and for her first academic position. I had reviewed her for reappointment and promotion. Afterward, when I emailed the student to see whether we could meet, her response was that she wanted no contact with me. It was obvious that this student thought that I had taken her work and, by doing so, had betrayed her. It has been almost 4 years since this incident happened, but the time has not diminished my sadness that the student perceived me in this way.

I thought I understood the rules of publishing, but they continue to evolve as technology evolves. It is important that authors understand the rules of plagiarism, especially self-plagiarism, when you do not cite your own previous published work. My style of working with others has always been the free flow of ideas and exchange of written words back and forth to develop articles and grants. Working together produces a better product. I have always believed and practiced that authorship should reflect the input of those who contributed. Authorship is best decided upfront at the beginning of a project or article. The work I was accused of using was written a full year before the student began her studies with me. However, my style of working is one in which we all, together, pursue the truth. So it never occurred to me to think of the work as mine or hers. My style of working with others has not changed, but I am more aware of the increasing tensions associated with the need to publish and the need to contribute to clinical scholarship and nursing science in academia. One of the greatest gifts as a teacher is to help students develop their ideas and help them publish. Their first article in print or online is magical and reaffirms who they are. We are custodians of safeguarding this process and ensuring its fairness and integrity. There is no greater responsibility than protecting our students from the harmful actions of others and ensuring that they receive full credit for their work.


---Ruth McCorkle, PhD, RN, FAAN


*This INSIGHTS article was published in CANCER NURSING 40(5): Sept/Oct 2017. The attached pdf article can be viewed at no charge and without a subscription.*