Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. Physical activity could help lung cancer patients improve their health.
Objective: The purpose of our study was to investigate lung cancer patients’ physical activity preferences and relevant contributing factors, so that we could develop individualized intervention strategies to fit their needs.
Methods: This study used a descriptive and correlational design. Instruments included a physical activity preference survey form, the Physical Activity Social Support Scale, and Physical Activity Self-efficacy Scale.
Results: From 81 lung cancer patients’ physical activity preferences, our results showed that during the course of their illness, 85.2% of patients wanted to have a physical activity consultation and preferred to obtain advice from their physicians (28.4%) through face-to-face counseling (48.1%). Moreover, patients (70.4%) showed an interest in physical activity programs, and many (69.1%) revealed that they were able to participate. About 88.9% of patients showed a preference for walking, and 54.3% patients preferred moderate physical activity.
Conclusions: This study also revealed that social support and self-efficacy for physical activity effectively predicted moderate physical activity preferences.
Implications for Practice: The adherence to regular physical activity is improved by understanding the lung cancer patients’ unique preferences for physical activity.
Author Affiliations: Graduate Institute of Nursing (Ms Lin) and School of Nursing, College of Nursing (Dr Lin), and Graduate Institute of Humanities in Medicine, College of Humanities and Social Sciences (Dr Y.-L. Lai), Taipei Medical University, Taipei, Taiwan; School of Nursing, Shu Zen College of Medicine and Management (Ms Lin); Department of Internal Medicine, E-Da Hospital and I-Shou University (Dr Y.-F. Lai), and Department of Thoracic and Cardiovascular Surgery, Kaohsiung Chang Gung Memorial Hospital and Chang Gung University College of Medicine (Dr Lu), Kaohsiung, Taiwan; and Department of Radiation Oncology, Shuang Ho Hospital, Taipei Medical University, Taipei (Dr Y.-L. Lai), Taiwan.
The authors have no funding or conflicts of interest to disclose.
Correspondence: Chia-Chin Lin, PhD, RN, School of Nursing, College of Nursing, Taipei Medical University, No. 250, Wuxing St, Taipei 11031, Taiwan (firstname.lastname@example.org).
Accepted for publication May 11, 2012.