Cancer Nursing

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Cancer Nursing:
doi: 10.1097/NCC.0b013e31825f4db1

Physical Activity Preferences Among Patients With Lung Cancer in Taiwan

Lin, Yi-Yun MS, RN; Lai, Yung-Fa MD; Lu, Hung-I MD; Lai, Yuen-Liang MD; Lin, Chia-Chin PhD, RN

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Background: Lung cancer is the leading cause of cancer deaths in the world. Physical activity could help lung cancer patients improve their health.

Objective: The purpose of our study was to investigate lung cancer patients’ physical activity preferences and relevant contributing factors, so that we could develop individualized intervention strategies to fit their needs.

Methods: This study used a descriptive and correlational design. Instruments included a physical activity preference survey form, the Physical Activity Social Support Scale, and Physical Activity Self-efficacy Scale.

Results: From 81 lung cancer patients’ physical activity preferences, our results showed that during the course of their illness, 85.2% of patients wanted to have a physical activity consultation and preferred to obtain advice from their physicians (28.4%) through face-to-face counseling (48.1%). Moreover, patients (70.4%) showed an interest in physical activity programs, and many (69.1%) revealed that they were able to participate. About 88.9% of patients showed a preference for walking, and 54.3% patients preferred moderate physical activity.

Conclusions: This study also revealed that social support and self-efficacy for physical activity effectively predicted moderate physical activity preferences.

Implications for Practice: The adherence to regular physical activity is improved by understanding the lung cancer patients’ unique preferences for physical activity.

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.


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