Improvements in burn wound care have vastly decreased morbidity and mortality in severely burned patients. Development of new therapeutic approaches to increase wound repair has the potential to reduce infection, graft rejection, and hypertrophic scarring. The incorporation of tissue-engineering techniques, along with the use of exogenous proteins, genes, or stem cells to enhance wound healing, heralds new treatment regimens based on the modification of already existing biological activity. Refinements to surgical techniques have enabled the creation of protocols for full facial transplantation. With new technologies and advances such as these, care of the severely burned will undergo massive changes over the next decade. This review centers on new developments that have recently shown great promise in the investigational arena.