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National Burn Repository 2005: A Ten-Year Review

Miller, Sidney F. MD, FACS; Bessey, Palmer Q. MD, FACS; Schurr, Michael J. MD, FACS; Browning, Susan M. MPH; Jeng, James C. MD, FACS; Caruso, Daniel M. MD; Gomez, Manuel MD, MSc; Latenser, Barbara A. MD, FACS; Lentz, Christopher W. MD; Saffle, Jeffrey R. MD, FACS; Kagan, Richard J. MD, FACS; Purdue, Gary F. MD, FACS; Krichbaum, John A. JD

doi: 10.1097/01.BCR.0000226260.17523.22
Special Report

In the early 1990s, the American Burn Association (ABA) started its first burn registry development initiatives. The impetus for the registry development software originated from several directions, including the following: (1) the recognition that national registries were widespread and of proven benefit; (2) growing demands from accrediting institutions, payers, and patient advocacy groups for objective and verifiable data regarding patient costs, treatments, and outcomes; and (3) the shift toward “evidence-based” medicine and the ongoing analysis of treatment effectiveness. The ABA has issued three calls for burn registry data for its National Burn Repository (NBR): 1994, 2002, and 2005. In 1994, 28 burn centers contributed data for more than 6,400 patients treated from 1991 to 1993. The ABA announced its second call for data in 2001 and distributed the published results of more than 54,000 acute burn admissions treated from 1974 to 2002 at the Association’s 2002 Annual Meeting. The third ABA call for data was issued in the Fall of 2005. The results are detailed in this report, which provides a summary of more than a quarter million acute burn admissions from 1995 to 2005, representing 70 hospitals from 30 states plus the District of Columbia. Statistics are presented in chart and table format to illustrate such key factors as patient age, burn size group, types of injuries, mortality rates, and average hospital charges by etiology and length of hospital stay. The data presented herein should help stimulate quality improvement programs in burn care, as burn centers compare their performance with the national data and as research is expanded using the NBR. The NBR will be published annually and, with continued refinements to the registry software, should become of increasing importance to clinicians, payers, researchers, and the public.

From the Ohio State University, Columbus, Ohio; Weill Cornell Medical Center, New York, New York; University of Wisconsin Hospitals and Clinics Madison, Wisconsin; American Burn Association, Chicago, Illinois; Washington Hospital Burn Center, Washington, DC; Arizona Burn Center, Maricopa Medical Center, Phoenix, Arizona; Ross Tilley Burn Center, Toronto, Ontario; University of Iowa Hospitals and Clinics, Iowa City, Iowa; University of Rochester Medical Center, Rochester, New York; University of Utah School of Medicine, Salt Lake City, Utah; Shriner’s Hospital for Children, Cincinnati, Ohio; and University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center, Dallas, Texas.

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© 2006 The American Burn Association