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Behavioural Pharmacology:
doi: 10.1097/FBP.0000000000000040
Research report: PDF Only

Inhibition of apomorphine-induced behavioral sensitization in rats pretreated with fluoxetine.

Haleem, Darakhshan J.; Farhan, Muhammad

Published Ahead-of-Print
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Abstract

Despite a number of clinically useful effects, there is growing evidence that psychosis and impulse control disorders develop in patients on apomorphine therapy. Evidence suggests a critical role of serotonin-1A receptors in psychosis, drug abuse, and in the mechanism of action of the prototypical selective serotonin reuptake inhibitor fluoxetine. We investigated whether fluoxetine can prevent apomorphine-induced behavioral sensitization in a rat model of psychosis. Animals treated with fluoxetine (5 and 10 mg/kg) for 2 weeks were subsequently cotreated with apomorphine (1.0 mg/kg) for 7 days. A single injection of apomorphine increased motor activity, whereas repeated daily injections produced a progressive sensitization of motor behavior. The sensitization effects of apomorphine did not occur in fluoxetine-pretreated and subsequently cotreated animals. To further elucidate the mechanism involved in the inhibition of apomorphine sensitization in fluoxetine-treated animals, we found that apomorphine-induced motor behavior was much greater in repeated apomorphine-treated than repeated saline-treated animals. It was also greater in apomorphine and fluoxetine-cotreated animals, but not in animals pretreated and cotreated with fluoxetine. The mechanism involved in the inhibition of apomorphine sensitization in fluoxetine-pretreated animals is discussed. The findings introduce an innovative approach for extending the therapeutic use of apomorphine and classical psychostimulant drugs.

(C) 2014 Wolters Kluwer Health | Lippincott Williams & Wilkins

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