The purpose of this study was to investigate the potency of atypical antipsychotics (clozapine, olanzapine, amisulpride, quetiapine, aripiprazole, risperidone) to reduce immobility time and to increase the fighting power, and the number of fights in an automated version of the tail suspension test in C57BL/6J mice. Antidepressant drugs, citalopram and imipramine were tested for comparison. Olanzapine (0.125–5 mg/kg), amisulpride (0.5–2 mg/kg), quetiapine (0.25–2 mg/kg), aripiprazole (0.25–1 mg/kg), and risperidone (0.005–0.05 mg/kg) did not produce any antidepressant-like effect. Only clozapine (0.156–2.5 mg/kg), administered at a dose of 0.312 mg/kg, significantly increased the number of fight episodes. As expected, citalopram (20–40 mg/kg) and imipramine (10–30 mg/kg) dose dependently produced antidepressant-like activity in the same procedure. The effect of antipsychotics on spontaneous locomotor activity and MK-801-induced or d-amphetamine-induced hyperactivity, were also tested in CD-1 mice to confirm the active doses of these drugs in tests commonly used to predict antipsychotic-like activity. Careful screening of potential antipsychotics for their antidepressant effects is considered to be an important part of modern drug development. Our data suggest that the tail suspension test in mice may be relatively insensitive to antidepressant-like activity of atypical antipsychotic drugs with antidepressant properties confirmed by clinical trials.
Departments of aClinical Pharmacy
bMedicinal Chemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, Kraków
cDepartment of Pharmacology, Institute of Psychiatry and Neurology, Warsaw
dAdamed Pharmaceuticals, Pieńków, Poland
Correspondence to Marcin Kołaczkowski, Department of Medicinal Chemistry, Jagiellonian University Medical College, 9 Medyczna Street, 30-688 Kraków, Poland e-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org
Received February 24, 2010
Accepted October 10, 2010