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A comparison of drug effects in latent inhibition and the forced swim test differentiates between the typical antipsychotic haloperidol, the atypical antipsychotics clozapine and olanzapine, and the antidepressants imipramine and paroxetine

Weiner, I.; Schiller, D.; Gaisler-Salomon, I.; Green, A.; Joel, D.

Behavioural Pharmacology:
Original Articles
Abstract

Current animal models of antipsychotic activity that have the capacity to dissociate between typical and atypical antipsychotic drugs (APDs) have two drawbacks: they require previous administration of a psychotomimetic drug, and they achieve the dissociation by demonstrating effectiveness of atypical but not typical APDs, thus losing specificity and selectivity for APDs. The present experiments were designed to solve these problems by using two non-pharmacological tests: latent inhibition (LI), in which potentiation of the deleterious effects of non-reinforced stimulus pre-exposure on its subsequent conditioning served as a behavioral index for a common action of typical and atypical APDs (antipsychotic), and the forced swim test (FST), in which reduction of immobility served as a behavioral index for a dissimilar action of these drugs (antidepressant). The typical APD haloperidol (0.1 mg/kg), the atypical APDs clozapine (2.5 mg/kg) and olanzapine (0.6 mg/kg), and the antidepressants imipramine (10 mg/kg) and paroxetine (7.0 mg/kg), produced distinct patterns of action in the two tests: haloperidol potentiated LI and increased immobility in the FST, clozapine and olanzapine potentiated LI and decreased immobility in the FST, and imipramine and paroxetine decreased immobility in the FST and did not potentiate LI. Thus, the comparison of drug effects in LI and FST enabled a discrimination between typical and atypical APDs without losing selectivity for APDs.

Author Information

Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv, Israel

Correspondence and requests for reprints to Ina Weiner, Department of Psychology, Tel Aviv University, Tel Aviv 69978, Israel.

E-mail: weiner@post.tau.ac.il

Received 5 July 2003 Accepted as revised 6 February 2003

© 2003 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.