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ECMO for Pediatric Lung Transplantation

Olsen, Monica C.*; Anderson, Mark J.*; Fehr, James J.*†; Christensen, Jacob L.*†; Shepard, Mark P.*; Poe, John B.*; Eghtesady, Pirooz MD, PhD*‡

doi: 10.1097/MAT.0000000000000534
Case Reports

Extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) has been reported as an alternative to cardiopulmonary bypass during lung transplantation. The reports in the literature have been limited to adult practice and associated with decreased pulmonary and renal complications, lower mortality, and lower in-hospital mortality. We present four pediatric lung transplantations performed on ECMO and discuss relevant perfusion management.

From the *The Heart Center at St. Louis Children’s Hospital, St. Louis, Missouri; and Departments of Pediatrics and Anesthesiology and Cardiothoracic Surgery, Washington University School of Medicine, St. Louis, Missouri.

Submitted for consideration June 2016; accepted for publication in revised form January 2017.

Disclosure: The authors have no conflicts of interest to report.

Correspondence: Monica C. Olsen, The Heart Center at St. Louis Children’s Hospital, One Children’s Place, St. Louis, MO 63110. Email:

Copyright © 2017 by the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs