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Association of Oxidative Stress and Platelet Receptor Glycoprotein GPIb[alpha] and GPVI Shedding During Nonsurgical Bleeding in Heart Failure Patients With Continuous-Flow Left Ventricular Assist Device Support.

Mondal, Nandan K.; Chen, Zengsheng; Trivedi, Jaimin R.; Sorensen, Erik N.; Pham, Si M.; Slaughter, Mark S.; Griffith, Bartley P.; Wu, Zhongjun J.
doi: 10.1097/MAT.0000000000000680
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Nonsurgical bleeding (NSB) in heart failure (HF) patients with continuous-flow left ventricular assist device (CF-LVAD) support is the most common clinical complication. The aim of this study was to investigate the association between oxidative stress and platelet glycoproteins GPIb[alpha] and GPVI shedding on the incidence of NSB in CF-LVAD patients. Fifty-one HF patients undergoing CF-LVAD implantation and 11 healthy volunteers were recruited. Fourteen patients developed NSB (bleeder group) during 1 month follow-up duration, while others were considered nonbleeder group (n = 37). Several biomarkers of oxidative stress were quantified at baseline and weekly intervals in all patients. Surface expression and plasma elements of platelet receptor glycoproteins GPIb[alpha] and GPVI were measured. Oxidative stress biomarkers and platelet GPIb[alpha] and GPVI receptor-shedding (decreased surface expression and higher plasma levels) were found to be preexisting conditions in baseline samples of both groups of HF patients when compared with healthy volunteers. Significantly elevated oxidative stress biomarkers and platelet glycoprotein receptor shedding were observed in postimplant bleeder group temporarily when compared with nonbleeder group. Strong significant associations between biomarkers of oxidative stress and platelet glycoprotein receptor shedding were observed, suggesting a possible role of oxidative stress in platelet integrin shedding leading to NSB in CF-LVAD patients. Receiver operating characteristic analyses of GPIb[alpha] and GPVI indicated that the likelihood of NSB had a predictive power of bleeding complication in CF-LVAD patients. In conclusion, elevated oxidative stress may play a role in GPIb[alpha] and GPVI shedding in the event of NSB. Thus, oxidative stress and GPIb[alpha] and GPVI shedding may be used as potential biomarkers for bleeding risk stratification in those patients.

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