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ASAIO Journal:
doi: 10.1097/MAT.0000000000000024
Adult Circulatory Support

The Effects of Continuous and Intermittent Reduced Speed Modes on Renal and Intestinal Perfusion in an Ovine Model

Tuzun, Egemen*; Chorpenning, Katherine; Liu, Maxine Qun*; Bonugli, Katherine; Tamez, Dan; Lenox, Mark*; Miller, Matthew W.*; Fossum, Theresa W.*

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The effects of the continuous-flow output on renal and intestinal microcirculation have not been extensively studied. To address this, the Heartware HVAD pump loaded with continuous and intermittent reduced speed (IRS) modes was implanted in four sheep and then operated at low and high speeds to mimic partial and complete unloading of the left ventricle. Then microsphere and positron emission tomography/computed tomography (PET/CT) studies were used to assess renal and intestinal tissue perfusion at various pump speeds and flow modes as compared with baseline (pump off). Arterial and venous oxygen (T02) and carbon dioxide (TCO2) contents were measured to assess changes in intestinal metabolism. Renal and intestinal regional blood flows did not produce any significant changes compared with baseline values in either continuous or IRS modes and speeds. The venous TO2 and TCO2 significantly increased in continuous and IRS modes and speeds compared with baseline. Our data suggested that renal and intestinal tissue perfusions were not adversely affected by continuous and IRS modes either in partial or complete unloading. Intestinal venous hyperoxia and increased TCO2 may be the evidence of intestinal arteriovenous shunting along with increased intestinal tissue metabolism. Longer-term studies are warranted in chronic heart failure models.

Copyright © 2013 by the American Society for Artificial Internal Organs


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