Purpose: To highlight major advancements in ocular genetics from the year 2013.
Design: Literature review.
Methods: A literature search was conducted on PubMed to identify articles pertaining to genetic influences on human eye diseases. This review focuses on articles published in print or online in the English language between January 1, 2013, and December 31, 2013. A total of 120 articles from 2013 were included in this review.
Results: Significant progress has been made in our understanding of the genetic basis of a broad group of ocular disorders, including glaucoma, age-related macular degeneration, cataract, diabetic retinopathy, keratoconus, Fuchs endothelial dystrophy, and refractive error.
Conclusions: The latest next-generation sequencing technologies have become extremely effective tools for identifying gene mutations associated with ocular disease. These technological advancements have also paved the way for utilization of genetic information in clinical practice, including disease diagnosis, prediction of treatment response, and molecular interventions guided by gene-based knowledge.