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From the Editorial Office
This blog will serve as a place to post announcements and news regarding changes and updates to the Annals of Surgery website and journal.
Monday, June 30, 2014
The July 2014 issue of Annals includes 2 perspectives, a column first introduced last month, 2 featured articles with accompanying editorials, 2 randomized controlled trials, 1 meta-analysis, 1 review article and 18 additional original articles. The first perspective deals with the issue of fair pay for surgical house staff and the second addresses the need for appropriate incentives in the private sector to enhance quality of care. One of the features analyzes trauma deaths in the United States. They are now the leading cause of death for the segment of our population 46 years and younger and trauma death rates for those older than 25 have substantially increased since 2000 while mortality from cancer and cardiovascular disease has decreased.
 
Dr. Nicolas Vauthey is the expert moderator for July's Journal Club. The featured article is: Phase II Trial of Hepatic Artery Infusional and Systemic Chemotherapy for Patients With Unresectable Hepatic Metastases From Colorectal Cancer: Conversion to Resection and Long-term Outcomes. D’angelica MI, Correa-Gallego C, Paty PB, et al. Ann Surg. 2014 Mar 21. [Epub ahead of print]. It can be accessed for free by anyone wishing to participate in the journal club.

Monday, June 02, 2014
The June 2014 issue of Annals introduces a new series of articles that will be called “Surgical Perspectives.” Beginning with this issue, Surgical Perspectives will appear monthly and will provide authors the opportunity to express their opinions as short editorials. This month's perspective is Contemplation vs. Documentation Before Surgery. This issue also contains 2 featured articles with accompanying editorials, 1 randomized controlled trial, 1 meta-analysis, a surgical retrospection, and 22 additional original articles. The first feature is a meta-analysis of 57 articles assessing the effects of resident duty-hours restrictions on patient outcomes, resident education, and resident well being. The informative editorial is by Dr. Frank Lewis, executive director of the American Board of Surgery.
 
Dr. Carlos Fernández-del Castillo is the expert moderator for the journal club. The featured article is A Randomized Prospective Multicenter Trial of Pancreaticoduodenectomy With and Without Routine Intraperitoneal Drainage" that appeared in the April 2014 issue of Annals. It can be accessed for free by anyone wishing to participate in the journal club.

Wednesday, May 14, 2014
The May, 2014 issue of Annals contains 2 excellent feature articles with accompanying editorials, 2 reviews, 3 randomized controlled trials, 1 meta-analysis, and 18 additional original articles. The first feature deals with outcomes in the critically injured burn patient and the second outlines how variability in case-mix of colorectal cancer patients impacts mortality rates and rankings for hospitals. The 2 reviews are of the role of stents in patients with esophageal anastomotic leaks and perforations and the current status of imaging techniques for evaluation of colorectal liver metastases.
 
Dr. Henry Pitt is the expert moderator for this month's journal club. He discusses 2 articles: 1. Gutt CN, Encke J, Koninger J, et al. Acute cholecystitis: early versus delayed  cholecystectomy:  a multicenter randomized trial.  Ann Surg 2013; 258: 385-393; 2. DeMestral C, Rotstein OD, Laupacis A, et al. Comparative operative outcomes of early and delayed cholecystectomy for acute cholecytitis: a population-based propensity score analysis.  Ann Surg 2014; 259; 1-x.
 
These articles can be accessed for free by anyone who wishes to participate in the journal club.
 

Saturday, April 05, 2014
The April 2014 issue of Annals is a particularly large one with several key articles. The 2 featured articles are a randomized controlled trial showing the advisability of drainage after pancreatoduodenectomy and a systematic review of strategies for reducing regional variation in the use of surgery. The accompanying editorials put these 2 important articles in perspective. The issue also contains another 3 controlled trials, 2 reviews, 1 systematic review, and 20 additional original articles.
 
The expert moderator for the April journal club is Dr. Mary Hawn, professor of surgery and chief of gastrointestinal surgery at the University of Alabama Birmingham, and the featured article is Long-term Results of a Randomized Controlled Trial of a Nonoperative Strategy (Watchful Waiting) for Men With Minimally Symptomatic Inguinal Hernias by RJ Fitzgibbons et al that appeared in the Sept., 2013 issue of Annals.
 
This article can be accessed for free by anyone who wishes to participate in the journal club.

Friday, March 07, 2014
The March, 2014 issue of Annals of Surgery contains one featured article and accompanying editorial, one review article, 3 randomized controlled trials, one meta-analysis, and 20 additional original articles. The feature deals with a malpractice insurer supported pilot study of the feasibility of implementing a standardized teamwork training program with full operating room teams in multiple institutions using simulation. The systematic review of enhanced recovery after surgery programs(ERAS) for esophagectomy found limited evidence for their utility. The authors made a number of recommendations for practice and for further research. The meta-analysis is a study of chronic subdural hematoma management in more than 34,000 patients.
 
The featured article for March's journal club is  General Surgery Residency Inadequately Prepares Trainees for Fellowship: Results of a Survey of Fellowship Program Directors by SG Mattar etal. Ann Surg 258:440 - 449, 2013.
 
The expert moderator is Dr. Mark Malangoni who is Associate Executive Director of the American Board of Surgery and helps lead efforts involving the SCORE web portal and the ABS Maintenance of Certification program. 
 
This article can be accessed for free by anyone who wishes to participate in the journal club.