Background: Completely laparoscopic gastrectomy with intracorporeal anastomosis was introduced to achieve safer anastomosis and smaller scars. Although several reports have shown the feasibility of linear-stapled anastomosis, there are no studies of a large number of patients assessing the long-term complications and functional outcomes.
Methods: This retrospective study included 345 patients who had intended to undergo completely laparoscopic distal or total gastrectomy with linear-stapled anastomosis between September 2005 and January 2012. This study evaluated both the short- and long-term complications, as well as the endoscopic findings, changes in body weight and serum albumin.
Results: Completely laparoscopic gastrectomy was successfully achieved in 342 patients (99.1%). Short-term complications occurred in 59 patients (17.3%). Reconstruction-related complications were observed in 19 patients (5.6%). Three patients with anastomotic leakage required reoperation. No patient experienced anastomotic stenosis over a mean follow-up period of 29.6 months. Two patients underwent an emergency operation for an internal hernia after total gastrectomy. Adhesive intestinal obstruction was observed in 5 patients (1.5%), but all were resolved without surgical intervention. Body weight loss at 2 years after distal and total gastrectomy was 7.2% and 13.9%, which were similar to previous reports of open surgery.
Conclusions: Completely laparoscopic gastrectomy with linear-stapled anastomosis is a feasible choice for gastric cancer patients with some potential long-term advantages such as less anastomotic stenosis and fewer adhesive intestinal obstructions.
Among 345 gastric cancer patients who underwent completely laparoscopic gastrectomy, short-term reconstruction-related complications occurred in 19 patients (5.6%). During mean follow-up period of 29.6 months, no patient experienced anastomotic stenosis, and adhesive intestinal obstruction occurred in 5 patients (1.5%), but all were resolved without surgical intervention.
From the Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine Kyoto University, Kyoto, Japan.
Reprints: Hiroshi Okabe, MD, PhD, Department of Surgery, Graduate School of Medicine, Kyoto University, 54 Kawahara-cho, Shogoin, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8507, Japan. E-mail: firstname.lastname@example.org.
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Disclosure: The authors declare no conflicts of interest, and no support has been taken from any source.