Annals of Surgery

Skip Navigation LinksHome > May 2013 - Volume 257 - Issue 5 > GLP-1 and the Long-Term Outcome of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus...
Annals of Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e31826b8603
Original Articles

GLP-1 and the Long-Term Outcome of Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus After Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass Surgery in Morbidly Obese Subjects

Jiménez, Amanda MD*; Casamitjana, Roser PhD*,†,‡; Flores, Lílliam MD, PhD*,†,‡; Delgado, Salvadora MD, PhD*; Lacy, Antonio MD, PhD*,‡; Vidal, Josep MD, PhD*,†,‡

Collapse Box


Objective: To evaluate the association between glucagon-like peptide 1 (GLP-1) secretion and the long-term (>2 years) outcome of type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM) after Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RYGBP).

Methods: Cross-sectional study in 18 T2DM morbidly obese subjects who underwent RYGBP but differed in the long-term outcome of T2DM (remission: G1, n = 6; relapse: G2, n = 6; lack of remission: G3: n = 6). Groups were matched for their sex, age, and body mass index. The GLP-1, glucose, C-peptide, and glucagon responses to a standardized test meal (STM) were evaluated. Insulin secretion and insulin sensitivity were estimated from the STM and by frequently sampling intravenous glucose tolerance test (FSIVGTT). Dual-energy X-ray absorptiometry was used to assess body composition.

Results: Patients in G1 presented a lower area under the curve (AUC0–120) of glucose in response to the STM as compared with G2, and G3 (P < 0.01). In contrast, the AUC0–120 of GLP-1 (P = 0.884) and glucagon (P = 0.630) did not differ significantly among the 3 groups. Indices of insulin secretion adjusted by the prevailing insulin sensitivity derived from STM and FSIVGTT, demonstrated larger β-cell function in subjects in G1 as compared with G2 or G3 (Disposition Index-STM, P = 0.005; DI-FSIVGTT, P = 0.006). Body composition and inflammatory markers did not differ significantly among the 3 study groups.

Conclusions: Our data show that in subjects with T2DM an enhanced GLP-1 response to meal intake is not sufficient to maintain normal glucose tolerance in the long term after RYGBP. Our data suggest that β-cell function is a key determinant of the long-term remission of T2DM after this bariatric surgery technique.

© 2013 by Lippincott Williams & Wilkins.


Article Tools


Article Level Metrics

Search for Similar Articles
You may search for similar articles that contain these same keywords or you may modify the keyword list to augment your search.