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Single-Port Laparoscopic Appendectomy Versus Conventional Laparoscopic Appendectomy: A Prospective Randomized Controlled Study

Lee, Won-Suk MD, PhD; Choi, Sang Tae MD; Lee, Jung Nam MD, PhD; Kim, Keon Kug MD; Park, Yeon Ho MD, PhD; Lee, Woon Kee MD, PhD; Baek, Jeong-Heum MD, PhD; Lee, Tae-Hoon MD, PhD

Annals of Surgery:
doi: 10.1097/SLA.0b013e318273bde4
Randomized Controlled Trials
Abstract

Objective: To compare surgical outcomes and quality of life between single-port laparoscopic appendectomy (SPLA) and conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA) in patients with acute appendicitis.

Background: A prospective randomized single center study was performed to compare the outcome of SPLA and CLA in patients with acute appendicitis.

Methods: A total of 248 patients were randomized, but because of 18 withdrawals, the outcome of 224 is analyzed, 116 in CLA and 114 in SPLA.

Results: There was no significant difference in the overall complication rate (P = 0.470). There were no significant differences in infectious complications between the SPLA group and the CLA group (10.2% and 12.4%, respectively). The wound complication rate between the 2 groups was not significant (5.1% and 10.6%, respectively; P = 0.207). Cosmetic satisfaction score, 36-item short-form health survey, and postoperative pain scores were not significantly different between 2 groups.

Conclusions: SPLA failed to show any advantages over CLA relative to pain and cosmesis. However, SPLA is as safe as CLA (RCT number 01348464).

In Brief

A prospective randomized trial on single-port appendectomy (SPLA) versus conventional laparoscopic appendectomy (CLA) was carried out. We concluded that SPLA is as safe as CLA. However, SPLA is not superior in terms of cosmetic, pain, and quality-of-life results.

Author Information

Department of Surgery, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University, School of Medicine, Incheon, Korea.

Reprints: Jung Nam Lee MD, PhD, Department of Surgery, Gil Medical Center, Gachon University, School of Medicine, 1198 Guwol-dong, Namdong-gu, Incheon, Korea 405–760. E-mail: lws@gilhospital.com.

Disclosure: The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

© 2013 Lippincott Williams & Wilkins, Inc.