Objective: To analyze whether breast-conserving therapy (BCT) may be an oncologically safe approach and result in a good cosmesis in patients with centrally located breast cancer (CLBC).
Summary Background Data: Only underpowered, retrospective, single-arm studies have suggested that oncoplastic BCT for CLBC may be oncologically safe and may result in a good cosmesis.
Methods: The authors retrospectively analyzed the overall and recurrence-free survival in 1485 patients with breast cancer undergoing BCT comparing CLBC with non-CLBC. Moreover, the authors described 4 different oncoplastic techniques for BCT in patients with CLBC and compared the cosmetic results with simple lumpectomy according to a recently elaborated objective cosmetic evaluation system, the Breast Symmetry Index.
Results: Kaplan-Meier curves show no significant difference in a 5-year overall, local, or distant recurrence-free survival between patients with CLBC and non-CLBC after BCT (94% vs. 96%; 100% vs. 98%; 92% vs. 90%; median follow–up, 35.3 months). The cosmetic outcome after oncoplastic BCT compared with simple lumpectomy differed significantly (Breast Symmetry Index: 22 ± 6%d vs. 44 ± 12%d; P < 0.05).
Conclusions: The results demonstrate that BCT for CLBC is oncologically safe and that oncoplastic techniques improve cosmesis.