Thoracic epidural analgesia provides some benefits in the acute postoperative period, but whether these outweigh the risks of epidural hematoma are uncertain:
* Royse: Epidurals for Cardiac Surgery: Can We Substantially Reduce Surgical Morbidity or Should We Focus on Quality of Recovery?, pp. 232
* Svircevic et al.: Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia for Cardiac Surgery: A Randomized Trial, pp. 262
* Svircevic et al.: Meta-analysis of Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia versus General Anesthesia for Cardiac Surgery, pp. 271
* Caputo et al.: Thoracic Epidural Anesthesia Improves Early Outcomes in Patients Undergoing Off-pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery: A Prospective, Randomized, Controlled Trial, pp. 380
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