The hypothesis that increased intraoperative blood lactate depends both on intraoperative glucose supply and inadequate tissue oxygenation occurring during surgery was tested in anesthetized patients undergoing infrarenal abdominal aortic surgery. Twenty surgical patients received either Ringer's solution or 5% glucose solution for intraoperative volume loading. Arterial blood lactate, arterial glucose, hemodynamic variables, insulin, glucagon, cortisol, epinephrine, and norepinephrine were determined properatively and intraoperatively. There were no significant changes in hemodynamic values, glucagon, norepinephrine, and epinephrine compared with control values in both groups. Oxygen consumption decreased only during aortic clamping. Cortisol and lactate increased significantly 10 min after aortic clamping until the end in both groups. Glucose 5% solution infusion resulted in significantly greater blood lactate accumulation and significantly greater blood glucose and insulin levels, whereas there were no changes in the patients receiving Ringer's solution. From control until aortic clamping, lactate and glucose were significantly correlated with each other in both groups; after aortic clamping until the end of the procedure, the correlation remained constant in patients in the Ringer's group, whereas no relationship could be demonstrated in those in the glucose group. The authors conclude that intraoperative glucose administration increases intraoperative blood lactate and that blood lactate accumulation depends both on glucose supply and tissue oxygen deficit. Furthermore, none of the hemodynamic metabolic and endocrine factors were reliable for assessing tissue perfusion and metabolic demands during surgery.
(C) 1989 American Society of Anesthesiologists, Inc.