Contributions of Medieval Islamic Physicians to the History of Tracheostomy

Golzari, Samad E. J. MD*; Khan, Zahid Hussain MD; Ghabili, Kamyar MD‡§; Hosseinzadeh, Hamzeh MD; Soleimanpour, Hassan MD; Azarfarin, Rasoul MD*; Mahmoodpoor, Ata MD; Aslanabadi, Saeid MD#; Ansarin, Khalil MD**

Anesthesia & Analgesia:
doi: 10.1213/ANE.0b013e3182884313
General Articles: Special Article
Abstract

Tracheostomy was first described by Greco-Roman physicians, including Paulus of Aegina. Medieval Islamic clinicians extended the Greco-Roman ideas with substantial contributions to the field of surgery, including tracheostomy. Although Al-Zahrawi (936–1013 CE) stated that he had not heard or read of any Islamic physicians having performed tracheostomy, there is evidence that many prominent Islamic surgeons did practice this lifesaving procedure during medieval times. Throughout the Islamic Golden Age, Muslim physicians advanced the practice of tracheostomy with many modifications of the procedure, instrumentation, and adjuvant medicinal prescriptions.

In Brief

Published ahead of print March 14, 2013

Author Information

From the *Cardiovascular Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; Department of Anesthesiology and Intensive Care, Tehran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran; Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran; §Young Researchers Club, Tabriz Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tabriz, Iran; and Departments of Anesthesiology and Emergency Medicine, #Pediatric Health Research Center, and **Tuberculosis and Lung Disease Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran.

Accepted for publication January 8, 2013.

Published ahead of print March 14, 2013

Funding: None.

The authors declare no conflicts of interest.

This report was previously presented, in part, at the III NWAC 2012 World Anesthesia Convention, Istanbul, Turkey, April 24–28, 2012.

Reprints will not be available from the authors.

Address correspondence to Kamyar Ghabili, MD, Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation Research Center, Tabriz University of Medical Sciences, Tabriz, Iran. Address e-mail to kghabili@gmail.com.

© 2013 International Anesthesia Research Society